Does God have emotions? In the first installment in this series, we focused on the classical view of “impassibility,” which seems to treat emotions ascribed to God primarily as metaphors for divine action. Emotions ascribed to God are not actual but are phenomenological. In this article, we’ll look at a contrary viewpoint that doesn’t merely affirm divine emotions but interprets them as practically equivalent to human emotions. God is ultimately passible and finally subject to forces from without. If the older view at times seems to leave God absolutely unaffected by human sin and misery and, as it were, “comfortably numb” in his celestial repose, this view unashamedly portrays God as “dazed and confused.” For Part Three of this four-part series, click here.